In response to The Daily Post’s weekly photo challenge: “Ornate.”
Have you ever heard about “Borobudur”? It is the largest Buddhist temple in the world, and now it is listed as one of UNESCO World Heritage Site. Borobudur was built in the 8th and 9th centuries AD during the reign of Syailendra Dynasty, and located in Kedu valley, Central Java, Indonesia.
What’s so special from this Borobudur? I will tell you some special facts about this giant temple. It would be good if you come here to see this precious heritage, and I am sure you will fall in love with him from the very first sight.
1. Borobudur is built as a single large stupa, and takes the form of a giant Mandala. Mandala is a Buddhist symbol that represents the cosmology and nature of mind.
2. The original foundation is a square, approximately 118 metres on each side. It has nine platform like the form of a pyramid. The six lower platforms are square, and the three upper platform are circular.
3. Approximately 55,000 cubic metres of andesite stones were taken to build this monument (I repeat : 55,000 cubic metres!!!!). The stone was cut of size, transported to the site, and laid without mortar. Knobs, indentations and dovetails were used to form joints between stones. The reliefs are created in situ after the building had been completed. Can you imagine how they did it in 8th century ??!!!??
4. This temple is equipped with a good drainage system with a unique carved gargoyle in the shape of giant or makara.
5. Borobudur contains approximately 2,670 individual bas reliefs (1,460 narrative pannels and 1,212 decorative pannels). The total relief surface is 2,500 square meters. They are distributes at the hidden foot of Kamadhatu and the five square platforms (Rupadhatu). I always wonder and amaze how our ancestors made those reliefs with the amazing details…
6. Borobudur has many statues of various Buddhas. In total there are 432 Buddha statues in niches at Rupadhatu level, and 72 Buddha statues at the three circular platforms (Arupadhatu), which are placed inside perforated stupas. But most of the statues are in the broken condition (headless) or missing.
7. I am out of words.. What else should I say about this wonderful, amazing, extravagant monument?
The aesthetic and technical mastery of Borobudur, and also its gigantic size. has evoked the sense and grandeur and pride of Indonesia.
One photo is never enough to picture this magnificent temple. so I give you one more…
So.. Ehipassiko!! Come and See!!
(Text from Wikipedia)